Sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) is a tall perennial tropical grass. It belongs to the grass family Gramineae and genus Saccharum L. It is grown between 35o N and 35o S latitude from sea level to 1600 m above sea level. It is cultivated on a variety of soils around the world from loamy sand to clay. It requires a temperature of 24oC to 30oC and an evenly distributed rainfall/irrigation of 2000 mm for optimum growth. Thus, tropical climate is the most suitable for sugarcane cultivation. However, the sugarcane crop is also being successfully grown in subtropical areas. Sugarcane plant produces shoots (tillers) at the base, which ripen into un-branched stems, commonly known as cane stalks or canes, which are reservoirs of sugar accumulation in them. Nearly 60 per cent of the world sugar comes from sugarcane.